In 1685, Sir Isaac Newton discovered Gravitational Force and
announced that “EACH AND EVERY PARTICLE OF THE UNIVERSE
EXERT FORCE OF ATTRACTION” and up to now the world believe
in this statement.
today...after three Centuries, we ask one question WHY EACH
AND EVERY PARTICLE OF THE UNIVERSE SHOULD EXERT ONLY FORCE
OF ATTRACTION, WHY NOT REPULSION ALSO ?
SHOULD EXIST SUCH PARTICLES IN THE UNIVERSE, WHICH EXERT FORCE
OF REPULSION, NOT GRAVITATION.
in the phenomena of Magnetism, one pole exerts attraction
while reverse pole exerts Repulsion. Accordingly, there should
exist bodies, which also exerts force of Repulsion. This is
because REPULSION is also an elementary force as GRAVITATION.
when two kinds of matter exist which exert either REPULSION
or GRAVITATION, then, there should exist a third kind of matter,
which should be neutral to the Force. That is to say, THERE
SHOULD EXIST THE MATTER IN THE UNIVERSE, WHICH EXERT NO FORCE.
LET WE CALL IT NEUTRAL MATTER.
there anywhere in the Universe exist such matter, which exerts
force of REPULSION ? Is there anywhere in the Universe exist
the matter which is “NEUTRAL” exerts NO FORCE
We have DISCOVERED the matter, which exerts force of REPULSION,
and also DISCOVERED the matter, which exerts no Force. This
is the NEUTRAL MATTER.
discovery proves, Newton’s Law of Gravitation is not
Universal. If all particles exerted only force of Gravitation,
then, whole Universe should exist in state of a single dark
massive body. There would be neither existence of light-heat
nor existence of present scattered Universe of Stars and Galaxies.
The picture of present Universe proves-Newton’s law
of Gravitation is no more any Universal law. Most of the particles
in the Universe exert force of REPULSION. So, the Universe
is on EXPANSION.
Universe is balanced by TWO ELEMENTARY FORCES. These are REPULSION
and ATTRACTION. Observed Spherical Motion of bodies (Astronomical
and also Intra-atomic) is nothing but “struggle”
to achieve equilibrium between acting two REVERSE FORCES,
that is REPULSION and ATTRACTION. Interaction of two reverse
forces resulted into the THIRD ELEMENTARY FORCE. We have titled
it as the force of RETRACTION. Retraction Force keeps bodies
in Spherical Motion (revolution & rotation).
the Physical Universe is in BALANCE and in MOTION by THREE
Elementary Universal Forces. These are REPULSION, ATTRACTION
and RETRACTION. But present Science World knows only ONE elementary
force and that is ATTRACTION. Other two forces are still unknown
to the Science World.
There exist THREE kinds of Elementary MOTIONS, which are
activated by THREE kinds of Elementary FORCES:
(1) PRO-CENTRE MOTION is activated by FORCE OF ATTRACTION
(2) OFF-CENTRE MOTION is activated by FORCE OF REPULSION
(3) SPHERICAL MOTION is activated by FORCE OF RETRACTION
NEEDS FORCE. Constant motion needs constant force. GALILEO
observed MOTION but failed to detect FORCE. So he imagined
“INERTIA” - the concept of “MOTION WITHOUT
FORCE”. Newton discovered force of GRAVITATION, which
can activate PRO-CENTRE MOTION. But failed to detect the FORCE
by which OFF-CENTRE MOTION can be activated. So he imagined
“CENTRIFUGAL FORCE” and failed to detect the force,
which require for SPHERICAL MOTION. So he imagined INERTIA.
In reality, Newton’s CENTRIFUGAL FORCE was imagined
in substitute to REPULSION FORCE and Newton’s INERTIA
was in substitute to RETRACTION FORCE. Newton compelled to
follow non-existing and fictitious concepts of “INERTIA”
and of “CENTRIFUGAL FORCE” – otherwise,
it was impossible to balance the Solar System and it was impossible
to explain Spherical motion of bodies inside the Solar System.
Newton knows only ONE FORCE and that is GRAVITATION. He struggled
to explain all phenomena of the Solar System by Gravitation,
which indirectly created the chain of Negative Science. “INERTIA”
and “CENTRIFUGAL FORCE” are products of Negative
Science. Centrifugal force is fiction. No such elementary
force exists. Aristotle told in 3rd Century B.C. that MOTION
NEEDS FORCE. This is an absolute reality. There need more
force when body moves through space having atmospheric friction
and less force when it moves through frictionless or void
space. But more or less, FORCE REQUIRE FOR MOTION. As you
cannot drive your car without fuel, accordingly, for Spherical
motion of astronomical bodies need constant force and this
force is RETRACTION FORCE.
with fictitious “Centrifugal force” and “Stellar
Gravitation” of Newton and puzzled by anti-science concept
of “Inertia” of Galileo and Newton, the greatest
philosopher of 20th Century Dr. Albert Einstein suddenly rejected
the concept of FORCE itself. “There exist nothing to
be titled as FORCE” he said. “IT IS GEOMETRICAL
PROPERTIES OF SPACE-TIME WHICH ACT AS FORCE AND KEEP ASTRONOMICAL
BODIES IN SPHERICAL MOTION”. This wonderful concept
derived by Einstein is the basic principal of his General
Theory of Relativity (GTR). In GTR, great Einstein mixed together
two different identities - SPACE and TIME into ONE that is
SPACETIME. From this substance of mind, he started spinning
the strings (String Theory of Stephan Hawking). Onward these
strings, like fine wire of gold, started bending and curving
as per need to adjust Universal phenomena within framework
of GTR. Thanks great God and thanks Einstein and Thanks Hawking!!!
- All unsolved problems of Physics and Astrophysics immediately
solved. Mankind entered in the age of Mythology - slipped
from Classical Science.
ancient religious books of astronomy, it was imagined that
giant celestial elephants and colossal celestial tortoises
drive Earth, planets and stars in the sky. There was some
logic to consider these animals. Now, after 50 centuries of
advancement, present science world of Newton-Einstein says
‘no animals, planets and stars are driven across the
sky by strings’.
do not feel any difference between animals and strings. Both
are invisible and products of mind. Thanks to ancient astronomers
and thanks to devotees of Einstein who controls violent universe
by strings. Are we live in age of Science or Mythology ?
After all what is SPACE and TIME ? SPACE and TIME having any
physical constitution ? SPACE and TIME having any mass ? SPACE
and TIME having any FORCE ? The answer is NO. Then how SPACE
and TIME can be substitute to the elementary universal FORCES
? How SPACE and TIME can keep giant astronomical bodies and
galaxies in motion ? How SPACE and TIME can be ONE identity.
There is no answer for the problems.
and TIME are impressions on the human mind when the brain
observes two or more bodies moving in different directions
with different velocities. SPACE and TIME are psychological
factors without any physical existence.
Therefore, GTR of Einstein is extremely good for mental consolation.
Anything can be solved and answered by bending and curving
STRINGS of SPACETIME. Ofcourse, STRINGS are existed in human
mind, not in physical Universe. Therefore, GTR is Philosophy
but not Science. GTR is negative Science that has fooled the
world for 100 years.
Pro-centre acceleration proves the Earth exert force of Gravitation.
Accordingly, all planets and their satellites exert force
of Gravitation. However, this does not mean that the Sun and
Stars also should exert force of Gravitation. The Physical
constitution of stars is absolutely different from planetary
state bodies. Thermonuclear reaction is associated only with
stellar bodies, not with planetary bodies. This is because
PLANETS EXERT GRAVITATION, not Repulsion while STARS EXERT
REPULSION, not Gravitation. In the Solar System, if the Sun
also exerted force of Gravitation along with other bodies,
then all the bodies of the system should have collapsed into
the Sun and evaporated billions of years ago. Fictitious Centrifugal
force could not halt the natural holocaust. Even total force
of the Universe would be failed to save the planetary system
- because of great mass of the Sun and its nearness to planets.
But, since billions of years the SUN-PLANET system survives
because SUN EXERTS REPULSION while PLANETS EXERTS GRAVITATION.
The Sun REPELS planets but Planets ATTRACTS the Sun. Therefore,
planets neither flung away out of System by Repulsion - nor
collide upon the Sun by Gravitation, but remain at mean constant
distance in their orbits. Here both reverse forces counterbalances
each other and in equilibrium. By interaction of Repulsion
with Gravitation, the third force is generated. This is RETRACTION
FORCE (RTF). RTF keep planet-satellites in Revolution and
in Rotation. Solar Repulsion Force at orbital distance counterbalances
mutual gravitation between planets and their satellites. Therefore,
satellites remain in their orbits-as planets remain in their
orbits at mean constant distant. This is the mystery of Solar
system. All observed EXPANSION, DISPERSION, EXPLOSIONS, EJECTION,
RADIATION phenomena in the Stellar Universe are the result
of MUTUAL REPULSION FORCE between STARS and Stellar matter.
STARS EXERT FORCE OF REPULSION - not Gravitation. The mass
of the stellar bodies is greater than non-stellar bodies,
so the UNIVERSE IS ON EXPANSION.
is hardcore reality that Galileo’s INERTIA, Newton’s
Law of STELLAR GRAVITATION and his CENTRIFUGAL FORCE, Einstein’s
concept of SPACETIME curvature of GTR and Hwaking’s
brain child STRING THEORY are all products of confused human
mind having neither any existence nor having any application
in the Universal Phenomena. These are all NEGATIVE SCIENCE
FACTORS, which kept present Theoretical Science world to wander
in dark valleys of stone-ages. Three Forces dominate the Solar
System. Space Science knows only ONE FORCE and that is GRAVITATION.
This ignorance has destroyed achievements and progress in
Space Navigation. Space Science still roams in darkness –
achievements limited to fiction stories in books, TV and Movies.
Dr. Navinchandra K. Shah
Prof. Pankaj N. Jain