Present Science world recognized the EXPANSION of the Universe
on basis of two theories, one is DOPPLER EFFECT and another
is HUBBLE LAW, the study based on Spectroscopic observations
of light-radiation shift. The experimental base is depend
on crude example of Whistling Train: That is when we are standing
on a platform of a Railway Station and observing the Train
coming from distance. As the Train comes closer to us that
is APPROACHING, the SOUND FREQUENCY of the train whistle will
go on increasing and as the Train Pass away from us, the Sound
of whistle fades, that is FREQUENCY OF SOUND go on DECREASING.
On this assumption, it is taken that – “WHEN THE
STAR OR GALAXY MOVING AWAY FROM US, ITS FREQUENCY RETARDS,
which give up LONGER WAVE-LENGTH that is wave-length shifts
towards RED-END and WHEN STAR OR GALAXY MOVES NEARER TO US,
ITS FREQUENCY RAISES and WAVELENGTH retards. So wavelength
will be shifted towards Violet-Blue end. Summary is RED-SHIFT
PROVES THE STAR OR GALAXY MOVES AWAY FROM US and BLUE-SHIFT
PROVES the STAR or GALAXY COMING CLOSER TO US”. This
is DOPPLER PRINCIPLE. Austrian Physicist C. J. DOPPLER (1803-53)
proposed this principle. One step ahead, EDVIN HUBBLE in 1929
proposed that RECEDING VELOCITY OF STARS AND GALAXIES IS PROPORTIONAL
TO DISTANCE FROM THE EARTH. That is HIGHER THE DISTANCE OF
THE GALAXY from the EARTH, it MOVES AWAY IN GREATER VELOCITY
Doppler and Hubble shifted
the Astronomy in the ages, when the EARTH WAS THE CENTER OF
THE UNIVERSE AND ALL MOTIONS OF STARS AND GALAXIES FOLLOWS
IN RELATIVE TO EARTH DISTANCE! What a great leap backward
and on basis of these great theories, EXPANDING UNIVERSE was
Question of Classical Science
arises when all RECEDING GALAXIES exhibiting RED SHIFT and
APPROACHING GALAXIES exhibiting BLUE SHIFT. So these Red Shift
and Blues Shift are not ORIGINAL SHIFTS but apparent VISION!.
The Real Red may appear Blue and Real Blue Shift appears Red
to the Earth observer? On this base, we are deciding the TEMPERATURE
of Stars. Stars which exhibit Blue Shift are very HOT and
exhibit Red Shift are COOL. But when these observed SHIFTS
are not REAL what is judgment? This is unsolved puzzle of
The second problem, HOW and
WHY distant GALAXIES located at millions of light years away
from the earth kept their RECEDING VELOCITY in relative to
the DISTANCE FROM EARTH? WHY the galaxies, which are in greater
distance from earth, are rushing away in greater velocity?
WHY UNIVERSAL GALAXIES and STARS SHOULD FOLLOW OFF-CENTRE
EARTH ACCELERATION ? – Considering the Universal mass
as an ocean, the Earth is only a drop of water. How this tinny
particle controls the receding velocities of giant galaxies
that too at distances of million and billions of light years
away ? So, THE RECEDING VELOCITY IS PROPORTIONAL TO DISTANCE
FROM THE EARTH – this is HUBBLE’S LAW for the
STARS and GALAXIES in assumption of EXPANDING UNIVERSE is
UNSCIENTIFIC and INAPPLICABLE so should be scrapped.
Therefore, UNIVERSE IS EXPANDING
but not in the fashion as stated in DOPPLER-HUBBLE THEORIES,
UNIVERSE IS EXPANDING but not by the forces stated in NEWTON-EINSTEIN’S
THEORIES. EXPANDING UNIVERSE IS AN UNSOLVED MYSTERY IN THE
PAGES OF PRESENT SCIENCE.
WHAT IS THE REALITY ?
The RED SHIFT proves TWO FACTORS: GREATER DISTANCE OR LOW
TEMPERATURE. The VIOLATE SHIFT proves TWO FACTORS: LOWER DISTANCE
OR HIGH TEMPERATURE.
Now ANY ONE factor has to
be accepted but not both.
And, RED SHIFT does not mean the body is RUSHING AWAY from
us and VIOLATE SHIFT does not mean the body is COMING towards
us. SO, assumptions of DOPPLER-HUBBLE’S that BECAUSE
OF RED SHIFT THE BODY IS RECEDING AWAY FROM EARTH is NOT TRUE.
DOPPLER EFFECT may be true
in case of Railway-Train’s whistle on Railway platforms
but not applicable to ASTRONOMICAL GALAXIES and so the HUBBLE